Course Outline: MCR3U

The following document is the course outline for the MCR3U course offered by Christian Virtual School. It contains the course description, unit outline, teaching & learning strategies, and the curriculum expectations addressed. This outline can also be viewed as a PDF using the download link provided.

Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: MCR3U

Grade: 11

Course Type: University Preparation

Credit Value: 1.0 

Prerequisite(s): MPM2D, Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

Curriculum Document: The Ontario Curriculum, Grade 11 and 12, 2007, Revised

Developed By: Sarah McKercher

Department: Mathematics 

Development Date: September 2022

Most Recent Revision Date: September 2022


Ron graduated from the University of Windsor in 2010 with a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and a bachelor’s degree in Education with minors in Physics and Psychology.

After graduating, Ron began his teaching career teaching mathematics and communication technology in a remote community in northern Ontario. Working in the north gave him his first experiences with online education.

Following his experiences up north, he came back to southern Ontario to work with an online school and continued to learn and develop his skills as a developer of online courses. This inspired him to want to learn more about web development and started him on the path to becoming a full-stack web developer. There, he has written many courses, been the department head of mathematics, business, and computer studies, and now he is a member of the technical development team that works to leverage the various technologies of the web and allow our developers to create amazing content.

He joins Christian Virtual School with a plethora of knowledge in not only his favourite subjects, but in the production and development of each course, giving him the expert know-how he needs in order to help guide students through their courses.

Aside from teaching, Ron’s other interests include camping, kayaking, and cooking. He says “I look forward to working with new students and sharing my passion for life-long learning.”

Course Description:

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Overall Curriculum Expectations

Characteristics of Functions

  1. demonstrate an understanding of functions, their representations, and their inverses, and make connections between the algebraic and graphical representations of functions using transformations;
  2. determine the zeros and the maximum or minimum of a quadratic function, and solve problems involving quadratic functions, including problems arising from real-world applications;
  3. demonstrate an understanding of equivalence as it relates to simplifying polynomial, radical, and rational expressions.


Exponential Functions

  1. evaluate powers with rational exponents, simplify expressions containing exponents, and describe properties of exponential functions represented in a variety of ways;
  1. make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of exponential functions;
  2. identify and represent exponential functions, and solve problems involving exponential functions, including problems arising from real-world applications.

Discrete Functions

  1. demonstrate an understanding of recursive sequences, represent recursive sequences in a variety of ways, and make connections to Pascal's triangle;
  1. demonstrate an understanding of the relationships involved in arithmetic and geometric sequences and series, and solve related problems;
  2. make connections between sequences, series, and financial applications, and solve problems involving compound interest and ordinary annuities

Trigonometric Function 

  1. determine the values of the trigonometric ratios for angles less than 360º; prove simple trigonometric identities; and solve problems using the primary trigonometric ratios, the sine law, and the cosine law;
  2. demonstrate an understanding of periodic relationships and sinusoidal functions, and make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of sinusoidal functions;
  3. identify and represent sinusoidal functions, and solve problems involving sinusoidal functions, including problems arising from real-world applications.

Resources Required:

This course is entirely online and does not require nor rely on any textbook. The materials required for the course are:

  • A scanner, smart phone camera, or similar device to digitize handwritten or hand-drawn work,
  • A non-programmable, non-graphing, scientific calculator.
  • Spreadsheet software

Teaching and Learning Strategies:

The goal for this course is to help students use the language of mathematics skillfully, confidently and flexibly. To accomplish this, a wide variety of instructional strategies are used to provide learning opportunities to accommodate a variety of learning styles, interests, and ability levels. There are seven mathematical processes outlined in the Ontario curriculum that support effective learning in mathematics: problem solving, reasoning and proving, reflecting, selecting tools and computational strategies, connecting, representing, and communicating. These processes are used throughout the course as strategies for teaching and learning. The following list outlines their application further.

  • Problem solving: The course guides students toward recognizing opportunities to apply knowledge they have gained in previous courses or lessons to solve problems. The course encourages students to persevere in difficult situations, look for patterns, build concrete skills in problem solving, and use logical reasoning to solve new problems. 
  • Reasoning and proving: This course has an emphasis on investigation and critical thinking as students explore new topics. This gives students the chance to make predictions, provide evidence, and explore relationships as they are taught the different mathematical concepts and relationships.
  • Reflecting: At the end of each unit is a chance for students to reflect on their own learning, determine where their strengths are and where they should review before continuing. This self-reflection is an important skill in mathematics, as it enhances students’ problem solving skills. Students are encouraged to reflect on the reasonableness of their answers, the effectiveness of a chosen strategy, and their conclusions.
  • Selecting tools and computational strategies: Throughout the course students are exposed to and encouraged to utilize different tools, manipulatives, and strategies that best suit their learning needs.
  • Connecting: This course connects the concepts taught to real-world applications through the use of word problems, career applications, and investigations.
  • Representing: Through the use of examples, practice problems, and solution videos, the course models various ways to demonstrate understanding, poses questions that require students to use different representations as they are working at each level of conceptual development – concrete, visual or symbolic, and allows individual students the time they need to solidify their understanding at each conceptual stage. 
  • Communicating: Proper use of symbols, vocabulary, and notations is modeled throughout the course, and students are taught to use the same precision in their communications with their teacher. In addition, through the use of discussions, this course offers students the opportunity to share their understanding both in oral as well as written form with their peers. 

Assessment and Evaluation Strategies of Student Performance:

Every student attending Christian Virtual School is unique. We believe each student must have the opportunities to achieve success according to their own interests, abilities, and goals. Like the Ministry of Education, we have defined high expectations and standards for graduation, while introducing a range of options that allow students to learn in ways that suit them best and enable them to earn their diplomas. Christian Virtual School’s Assessment, Evaluation, and Reporting Policy is based on seven fundamental principles, as outlined in the Growing Success: Assessment, Evaluation, and Reporting in Ontario Schools document.

When these seven principles are fully understood and observed by all teachers, they guide the collection of meaningful information that helps inform instructional decisions, promote student engagement, and improve student learning. At Christian Virtual School, teachers use practices and procedures that:

  1. are fair, transparent, and equitable for all students;
  2. support all students, including those with special education needs, those who are learning English, and those who are First Nation, Métis, or Inuit;
  3. are carefully planned to relate to the curriculum expectations and learning goals and, as much as possible, to the interests, learning styles and preferences, needs, and experiences of all students;
  4. are communicated clearly to students and parents or guardians at the beginning of the school year or course and at other appropriate points throughout the school year or course;
  5. are ongoing, varied in nature, and administered over a period of time to provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;
  6. provide ongoing descriptive feedback that is clear, specific, meaningful, and timely to support improved learning and achievement; and
  7. develop students’ self-assessment skills to enable them to access their own learning, set specific goals, and plan next steps for their learning.

For more information on our assessment and evaluation strategies, refer to Section 6, Student Achievement, in the Course Calendar.

Program Planning Considerations:

Christian Virtual School is committed to ensuring that all students are provided with the learning opportunities and supports they require to succeed. Our courses are made to offer flexible, personalized learning experiences. By maintaining an asynchronous model, students can move through their courses at their own pace, ensuring they are able to take the time they need to understand concepts or work with their teacher if they hit roadblocks. Christian Virtual School courses also incorporate choice, allowing students to submit work in a variety of mediums or formats to communicate their ideas. 

In addition to the flexibility built into the courses, Christian Virtual School will implement the accommodations that are listed in a student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP) that are applicable to the online learning environment. In these cases, the learning expectations will be the same as or similar to the expectations outlined in the curriculum document but supports will be provided to help students achieve those expectations. Common accommodations in the environment are reducing the workload, simplifying tasks and materials, providing extra time for tests and exams, allowing scribing or the use of specialized equipment, and not deducting marks for spelling. 

Although all our courses are only offered in English at this time, Christian Virtual School welcomes students learning the English language. Students do need to meet a baseline proficiency level to access the content, but Christian Virtual School teachers are responsible for helping students develop their English literacy skills no matter the course they are enrolled in. 

Upon enrollment, students are asked if they would like to provide information about their English language background, and this information is used by our teachers to help them adjust their instruction and suggest accommodations within the courses. English language learners are encouraged to reach out to their teacher or the Christian Virtual School administration to talk about the accommodation options in their courses so that the appropriate opportunities are given to everyone. 

Christian Virtual School operates with 5 cores values: responsibility, perseverance, integrity, compassion, and community. These core values determine our business operations, as well as exemplify what we, as educations, want to instill in our students. Environmental education, among other causes, are important to us as a school and we strive to promote learning about these issues and solutions within our courses. We work to educate students on the environment, its threats, and the importance of sustainability. We also work to inspire students to make an impact within their community and identify an alignment between their passions and the local, or global, needs. 

Environmental education is woven throughout our course content, across all disciplines. Depending on the course and subject matter, this education can be subtle or explicit, but the goal is to ensure that students have the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, skills, perspective and practices needed to become an environmentally literate citizen. 

Christian Virtual School stands on the belief that every person is unique and, regardless of ancestry, culture, ethnicity, sex, physical or intellectual ability, race, religion, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, or other similar factor, they are to be welcomed, included, accepted, treated fairly, and respected. As a school, we teach students about multiple worldviews, how to identify and acknowledge similarities and differences, and how to communicate with others in an inclusive, kind, loving, and compassionate way. 

Diversity is valued at Christian Virtual School, and it is our goal to ensure all members of the community feel safe, comfortable, and accepted. Our courses are written to draw attention to the contributions of men and woman alike, the different perspectives of various cultural, religious, and racial communities, and the beliefs and practices of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples, to showcase a wide range of backgrounds and allow all of our students to see themselves reflected in the curriculum. 

As a school, we see and recognize the diversity of families, children, and people in the world in need of Christ’s love. We work every day to spread the love and acceptance of Christ. 

Whenever possible, Christian Virtual School emphasizes the importance of financial literacy. Making financial decisions has become an increasingly complex task, and students need to have knowledge in many areas and a wide range of skills in order to make informed decisions about financial matters. In addition to the concrete skills of numeracy and finances from a mathematical point of view, students need to develop an understanding of the economic forces and ways in which they can respond to those influences. 

Lessons that promote skill building in problem solving, inquiry, research, decision making, reflection, and critical thinking are present throughout Christian Virtual School courses. The goal is to help students acquire the knowledge and skills required to understand their own finances, as well as to develop an understanding of local and global effects of world economic forces and the social, environmental, and ethical implications of their own choices. 

Technology is rapidly changing, and the requirements for literacy in technology is growing just as quickly. Students entering the workforce are expected to have a firm grasp of information and communication technologies and be skilled their use.  

Due to the nature of Christian Virtual School courses, students are exposed to a wide range of technologies to both facilitate and communicate their learningAs a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, information processing, internet research, presentation software, communication tools, and more. 

Opportunities are present throughout Christian Virtual School courses to explore careers related to the different disciplines and subject areas. Students are exposed to a wide variety of modern careers, fields of study, and employment opportunities.  

In addition, teachers are available to help the student prepare for employment ia number of diverse areas. With the help of teachers, students will learn to set and achieve goals and gain experience in making meaningful decisions concerning career choices. The skills, knowledge, and creativity that students acquire through our course are essential for a wide range of careers

In order to provide a suitable learning environment for the Christian Virtual School staff and students, it is critical that the courses and the learning environment complies with relevant federal, provincial, and municipal health and safety legislation and by-laws, including, but not limited to, the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS), the Food and Drug Act, the Health Protection and Promotion Act, the Ontario Building Code, and the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA).  

Consideration of students’ health and safety is taken when planning activities, investigations, and experiments for our courses to ensure that proper safety precautions are communicated to and attainable for students.